Presidential Memorandum

Like an executive order, a presidential memorandum is an instruction to the executive branch to take a specific action.


The principle difference between an executive order and a presidential memorandum is that the latter does not need to be published in the Federal Register it is up the president to decide whether or not to do so.


Aside from this difference, the Congressional Research Service has stated that the difference between executive orders and presidential memoranda appears to be “more a matter of form than substance,” because both can be used to achieve the same ends.